History of the African National Congress
The African National Congress is a national liberation movement that was formed in 1912 to “unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political, social and economic change,” according to the ANC Web site. The ANC was initially formed by three men: John Dube, Pixley Seme and Sol Plaatje.
For 90 years, the ANC has been “leading the struggle against racism and oppression, organizing mass resistance, mobilizing the international community and taking up the armed struggle against apartheid.”
The ANC’s main goal is called the National Democratic Revolution, which it defines as the “liberation of Africans in particular and black people in general from political and economic bondage. It means uplifting the quality of life of all South Africans, especially the poor.”
In response to the white minority supremacy that was being practiced in South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu and Oliver Tambo founded the ANC Youth League in 1944. Their goal was to use non violent tactics to fight against the injustices towards the natives of South Africa.
During the 1994 elections, the ANC negotiated a democratic constitution for the country of South Africa, which adopted a new constitution in 1996.