Tourism, the second largest industry in Washington, D.C., is still reeling from the first government shutdown in almost 17 years
Officials from Destination DC say they won’t know the full economic impact of the shutdown until next summer. But D.C. Mayor Vincent Gray said at an Oct. 18 news conference that the government shutdown probably cost the city about 8 percent in lost business revenue, mostly from tourism and hospitality industries.
According to Destination D.C., a record 18.9 million tourists visited the District of Columbia in 2012, up 5.5 percent from the previous year. A substantial increase was expected for 2013, but that estimate now could drastically change.
Some of DC’s most popular tourist companies that serve the National Mall and Capitol Hill areas were among those hit hardest by the closed government offices, federal monuments and slowdown in tourist traffic. Some smaller tourist-dependent closed during the shutdown. Others scaled back on their services.
Destination DC is the city’s official tourist website. Kate Gibbs, media relations manager of Destination DC, said the city’s tourism industry tried to lead tourists to nongovernmental attractions during the shutdown. “Certainly people were disappointed but we wanted to remind them that there were still other things to do. We encouraged them to visit other sites that were not been shut down through our Shutdown Concierge Hotline,” Gibbs said. “We are hoping consumer confidence with our National’s Capital hasn’t been rocked.”
Big Bus Tours, one of the city’s leading tour guide companies, normally allows customers to explore the city at their own pace. The company is a fan favorite because it allows riders to hop on and off the bus whenever they please, all while enjoying live informative commentary about landmarks such as the Lincoln Memorial, Washington Monument and National History Museum. During the shutdown, Big Bus was not able to drive around the Tidal Basin where most of these landmarks are located, which greatly affected the total number of tours.
Maria Vivae, 22, has been working as a receptionist at Big Bus for almost two years and said she has never saw such a dramatic decrease in sales. “Management is not happy. We’re losing money every day,” she said. “Most of our customers come from across the country and [were] very unhappy that they traveled all this way to be denied access to their country’s most historic memorials.”
Grayline, one of Washington, D.C.’s, premiere sightseeing tours, also endured setbacks due to the limited access to the memorials. Not only did Grayline completely stop providing tours around the National Mall and Capitol Hill, but also the number of tours they offered daily dropped from at least five to only one or two. Management even tried offering a new tour attraction–the National Cathedral in upper Northwest Washington–but no one signed up.
An employee who has worked for Grayline for a few years said during the shutdown she spent most of her workday assisting customers with refunds. “Once customers realized they no longer could enter any of the monuments or museums they quickly started calling about getting their money refunded from tours they already purchased in advance,” she said.
While the tour bus companies struggled during the shutdown , Bike and Roll tours did better than normal. One of Bike and Roll’s tour guides, who would identify himself only as Valentine, has been with Bike and Roll for almost four years. He said he was busier during the shutdown than any other time with the company.Valentine said the number of people who registered for bicycle tours doubled during the shutdown. “A lot of people were out of work allowing them more free time to sightsee and take leisurely time to themselves,” Valentine said.
Tourists who ride bikes have a better chance at getting closer to the monuments and memorials than those who decide to ride the bus. Although some routes were blocked off for tour buses, bikes were still able to take those routes that lead them closer front of the monuments.
DC Ducks, a vehicle that allows tourists to view the city on land and water all in one vehicle, also terminated their entire tour around the Tidal Basin. In order to generate more sales, the company tried decreasing their prices and offering one free tour for every tour a customer purchased, but the number of riders was still low.
Eboni, 26, has worked with DC Ducks for three years. She said she fears that the government shutdown will have a lasting effect on tour companies. “Customers spend money to get as much access to these iconic monuments as possible. Once the government took that away from them, they wanted to spend their money elsewhere and, unfortunately, we are the ones left to suffer from the government’s actions.”