Chicago has been dubbed “Chiraq” by some because of its alarming violent crime rate and how often its citizens are either victims or perpetrators of murder. The nickname combines the names for the nation’s third-most populous city and the war-torn country of Iraq to suggest it is the most violent city in the United States.
There were 765 murders in Chicago in 2016, by far the most murders in any U.S. city that year. It was a dramatic increase in the number of murders over the previous year and the preceding years, which, since 2003, hovered around 500 annually.
The prevalence of street gangs such as the Black Stones, Vice Lords and Gangster Disciples fuels Chicago’s reputation for violence. Gang culture in Chicago is rampant, and it is often glorified by rappers such as Chief Keef and G Herbo, who tell violent stories of what they experienced growing up in the city. Movies such as “Chi-Raq,” a 2015 Spike Lee film, furthered the stereotype of violence and corruption within Chicago.
One of the most high-profile murders was the killing of Hadiya Pendleton,15, who was shot in the back and killed in 2013 while standing with friends inside Harsh Park in the city’s Kenwood section. Pendleton was killed only one week after performing at events for President Barack Obama’s second inauguration. First lady Michelle Obama attended her funeral.
Chicago probation officer Eric Anthony called the violence occurring in the city “ridiculous.”
“People are out here killing each other for no reason,” Anthony said. “With high school girls like Hadiya Pendleton being killed for being in the wrong place at the wrong time, it’s hard to let your kids out of your sight here!”
Despite the perception, Chicago is not the murder capital of the United States. It’s not even in the top 10 most murderous major cities, according to the FBI Uniform Crime Report. Chicago’s murder rate ranks lower than the rates in Washington; Milwaukee; Baton Rouge, Louisiana; Cleveland; Newark, New Jersey; Birmingham, Alabama; New Orleans; Detroit; Baltimore; and St. Louis.
Chicago’s murder rate is 28 deaths per 100,000 people. Baltimore, at 59 deaths per 100,000, St. Louis, at 51 deaths per 100,000, and even the nation’s capital, at 30 deaths per 100,000, rank higher.
Nor does Chicago lead the nation in violent crimes, defined by the FBI as murders, robberies, rapes and aggravated assaults. That dubious distinction falls to St. Louis, with 1,913 violent crimes for every 100,000 people. It is followed by Baltimore at 1,780, Milwaukee at 1,533, and Washington, D.C., at 1,132. According to the UCR, Chicago’s violent crime rate sat at 1,105 per 100,000 last year.
Yes, the data certainly shows that Chicago has earned its reputation as a violent place. But truth be told, the Windy City is not even in the top 3 among the nation’s most violent cities.
Tyler Brady is a reporter for TruthBeTold.news, a fact-checking website produced by the Howard University Department of Media, Journalism and Film.